Earth moving equipment is expensive and complex—which makes proper equipment maintenance essential.
Equipment and tools that function correctly have a lower chance of causing injuries or deaths. This is especially important since thousands of workers are injured annually by earth moving equipment. Machine-related injuries were among the top ten OSHA violations in 2019, while 20% of work fatalities (1,061 deaths) occurred on construction sites that same year.
These seven best practices will help keep your employees safe and extend the useful life of your earth moving equipment.
Earth moving equipment maintenance best practices
1. Clean your earth moving machinery
A great way to keep earth moving equipment safe is to clean it thoroughly. This type of equipment has to do difficult and dirty work, which can alter the performance of the machine. Because of this, earth moving machinery and all its parts should be cleaned regularly.
Dirt, grime, and debris will start to accumulate on and in parts of the equipment. These parts and tools become damaged, malfunction, or stop working eventually if you don't clean them properly. It’s important to only clean heavy machines with solutions that the manufacturer recommends. This helps avoid damaging delicate parts with harsh chemicals.
2. Train employees to operate earth moving equipment
Your earth moving machinery's parts and tools are in danger of becoming damaged or completely broken if an untrained worker attempts to operate them. The worker is in danger of becoming injured or hurting others.
To protect your employees and equipment, all workers need to be properly trained to operate earth moving equipment. No one should operate heavy machinery without adequate training and qualifications. Training teaches workers the limits a specific piece of heavy machinery may have, how to use the right tools for the job, take proper safety measures, and follow operating guidelines.
In addition, have a qualified employee look at the area where you're going to use the equipment, and let them do a risk assessment. They can take a careful look at the machinery and the environment to make sure it's safe and meets all requirements before operating. In most construction and mining sites, having a skilled worker that supervises the operation of heavy machinery is vital. This person should have the training and experience necessary to make sure the operator and anyone in the immediate area stays safe.
3. Lubricate your equipment carefully
Heavy earth moving equipment and associated parts and tools will malfunction or become damaged if they aren’t lubricated properly. Moving parts and components need lubrication because the frequent movement causes friction. This friction can severely damage the parts and tools of earth moving machinery.
To keep them safe, lubricate every joint as well as all other areas that require lubrication. Do this regularly, but be careful never to use too much, as excess lubrication can cause grease build-up and other problems.
4. Take steps to avoid injuries
Teach construction workers to spot any potentially dangerous problems and how to handle any situations that might occur. For example, if they have to drive up or down a steep hill, they must know how to select the proper gear.
They also need to know what angle to drive at because they could topple over if they make a mistake. This can result in life-threatening injuries.
That's why it's so important to teach your crew how to avoid falling off earth moving equipment. Place durable guardrails on your earth moving machinery. Employees also need to repair earth moving equipment while standing on the ground whenever possible for safety.
Workers who aren't operating heavy machinery should maintain a safe distance from it while it is moving. Also, be sure all heavy equipment is parked in a safe area. Place cones around it to protect your employees and the equipment.
5. Maintain earth moving equipment properly
Heavy machinery and tools that aren't properly maintained can be dangerous to operate. Improper maintenance can cause the tools and other parts to become damaged and unsafe as a result. Small problems that aren't repaired may eventually become massive issues that require entire sections to be replaced.
Your inspection schedules may vary depending on the types of earth moving equipment you have and how often you use it, but it's a good idea to conduct these inspections at least once a year. If you don't have an in-house mechanic, consider hiring someone to inspect your equipment.
Make sure they document their findings using a mobile app or a software platform.
That way, you can maintain equipment inspection records from one year to the next, no matter who inspects your equipment the following year.
You also have a record of any parts you repaired or replaced and the costs.
7. Use the right parts and tools
You shouldn't try to attach tools to heavy machinery and use them if they won't fit or aren't compatible. If you attempt to do this, you are putting the machinery at risk. Employees are also at risk. Read through the manufacturer's manuals, and find the right parts and tools.
Also, when your machinery is going to be used to do a certain job, check to see what kind of tool is best. By selecting the right tool, you'll do the job more efficiently, and you'll keep the equipment, operator, and tools safe.
Track inspections and maintenance with equipment management software
Earth moving equipment requires proper maintenance, repairs, and regular cleaning by experienced technicians.
It can be difficult to keep track of program with this many moving parts without a structured system in place. Equipment management software makes it easy to schedule and document preventive maintenance activities, record inspection details, and see which parts you have on hand and which you need to order.
And having a mobile app makes it easy for anyone to use the software from any location, whether they are contractors, operators, or maintenance technicians.
This post was originally written by Barton Henderson, manager at Statewide Bearings, distributors of bearings and other parts for earth moving machinery, with branches across Australia. It has been updated with more recent information. Connect with Barton on Google+.
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